Chapter 11 - Terrestrial Flora and Fauna

Chapter 11 - Terrestrial Flora and Fauna - GEOG 1114 Fall...

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GEOG 1114 – Fall 2011 – Chapter Notes Chapter 11: Terrestrial Flora and Fauna 1 Ecosystems and Biomes _______________ : community of plants and animals living together Numerous ecosystem _______________ _______________ : large recognizable assemblage of plants and animals in interaction with environment Identified by dominant _______________ , _______________ _______________ major types _______________ : transition zones between adjacent biomes Terrestrial Flora Most significant _______________ component of landscape ______________________________ of other environmental attributes Influence on _______________ settlement and activities Plant characteristics: Hardy Perennials Annuals Highly variable in _______________ Common characteristics: __________ , __________ , __________ , __________ Floristic terminology: _______________ versus _______________ _______________ reproduction: _______________ : mosses and liverworts _______________ : ferns and horsetails _______________ reproduction: _______________ : seeds in cones, also called conifers _______________ : seeds encased in protection _______________ plants versus _______________ plants _______________ trees versus _______________ trees _______________ trees versus _______________ trees _______________ versus _______________ Environmental adaptations: Plants have changed their _______________ relative to their environmental conditions Two most prominent adaptations involve availability of _______________ : _______________ adaptations: _______________ modified in shape and size to seek moisture _______________ modified as a means to store moisture _______________ modified to decrease transpiration Lie _______________ for years until they receive rain, then reproduce _____ _______________ adaptations: _______________ : those that are completely submersed in water _______________ : those which require frequent water soakings Extensive ______________________________
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GEOG 1114 – Fall 2011 – Chapter Notes Chapter 11: Terrestrial Flora and Fauna 2 Hygrophytic plants supported by ______________________________ instead of stems Competition and inevitability of change: Plants are competitive for _______________ Floristic pattern of Earth’s surface is _______________ Eventual pattern of constant plant composition ( _______________ vegetation) _______________ stages Spatial associations of plants Need _______________ to interpret spatial flora patterns Human effects Major Floristic Associations: _______________ : Trees so close their
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This note was uploaded on 11/23/2011 for the course GEOG 1114 taught by Professor ? during the Fall '08 term at Oklahoma State.

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Chapter 11 - Terrestrial Flora and Fauna - GEOG 1114 Fall...

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