The Contemporary Turn: Ideologies Today
Nationalism, as we've seen, is strongly linked with fascism.
nationalism itself is not necessarily fascist.
So what is nationalism?
It is a group's awareness of its membership in a nation and its desire
to attain, enhance, or perpetuate the identity, prosperity, and power
of that nation
So what is a nation?
It is any relatively large group of people who
that they belong
together by virtue of sharing in common any one or more of such traits
as race, history, culture, language, customs, and traditions.
In fact none
of these traits may actually exist, but the people must
Thus, the bottom line is that the people determine whether they have
Nationalism is one of the oldest ideologies, because it is one of the oldest
social feelings, but it first gains prominence in the 1830s and 1840s
when a kind of belligerent revolutionary nationalism swept Europe.
most significant outburst was in Italy where a young Italian writer and
patriot, Giuseppe Mazzini, masterminded a movement called
"The people," he wrote, "are penetrated with only one idea, that of unity
International attention to nationalism came during WWI, when the
central issue was national self-determination.
After WWI anti-colonial
sentiments ran high.
India and China, for example, challenged the
imperialist European powers that influenced the running of their
countries; countries in Africa and Asia launched nationalist
revolutionary movements against imperialism.