15 - American Revolution

15 - American Revolution - The American Revolution John...

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Unformatted text preview: The American Revolution John Locke [Government] can never have a right to destroy, enslave, or designedly to impoverish the subjects... To this end it is that men give up all their natural power to the society they enter into, and the community puts the legislative power into such hands as they think fit, with this trust, that they shall be governed by declared laws, or else their peace, quiet, and property will still be at the same uncertainty as it was in the state of Nature. – How did the colonists feel about the right to life, liberty and property? – Did they believe in the American dream of property ownership? – Were they lower, upper or middle class? – How religious were they? – How loyal were they to the king? – How militarily prepared were they? America after the French and Indian War (1763) – Seven Year’s War (French and Indian War) ended in 1763 giving Great Britain control of the 13 colonies, but not without incurring strong resentment from French and Indians. – Colonies enjoyed freedoms and tax immunities beyond many in Great Britain. – Britain’s treasury was drained by the war. – Britain thought colonies should shoulder financial burden of protection from French. – Colonies didn’t see protection as necessary. Setting the Stage Issues Provoking Revolt 1. The Proclamation of 1763 – England’s King George forbid colonist to settle west of the Appalachian Mountains 2. The Sugar Act of 1764 – placed a 3 cent tax on each gallon of molasses that entered the colonies from outside the British Empire 3. The Stamp Act of 1765 – required colonists to pay for tax stamps on newspapers, and various legal documents ― Parliament abolished the Act in 1766 3. The Townshend Acts of 1767 ― placed a duty on imported goods including glass, lead, paint, and paper. ― Americans responded by not buying British goods. 5. The Tea Act of 1773 – To avoid paying the tea tax, colonial merchants smuggled tea in from the Netherlands. In 1773, Parliament passed the Tea Act, which made it possible for the East India Company to sell tea below the price of the smuggled tea. Britain believed that the colonists would buy the English tea since it was cheaper. Boston Tea Party On December 16, 1773, Samuel Adams led patriots, disguised as Indians, on a raid of British ships docked in Boston’s harbor. They dumped the cargoes of tea overboard. This was later called the Boston Tea Party. 6. The Intolerable Acts of 1774 – were Britain’s response to the Boston Tea Party. One act closed Boston’s harbor until the colonists paid for the destroyed tea. Another took away nearly all power from Massachusetts’ legislature. Control of the colony was given to the newly appointed British governor, General Thomas Gage. The First Continental Congress September 5 – October 26, 1774...
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This note was uploaded on 11/25/2011 for the course MFG 202 taught by Professor Davis,d during the Summer '08 term at BYU.

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15 - American Revolution - The American Revolution John...

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