19 Liberalism and Conservatism lecture

19 Liberalism and Conservatism lecture - Liberalism and...

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Liberalism and Conservatism
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Class Consciousness Owners/landholders –  capitalists  (conservatives) Non-landed middle class and  white collar workers –  bourgeoisie  (classical liberals) Factory and trade  workers— proletariat (radical liberals)
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Political Parties Began with the Glorious Revolution (when William and Mary were invited to rule) Whigs supported limited monarchy Tories supported strong monarchy George I and II let the Whigs rule (60 years) Robert Walpole (first prime minister ― 20 years) Whigs fell from power because of Amer. Rev. Tories become conservatives Whigs become classical liberals
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Conservatism Reactionaries  Return to strong monarchy Rejection of intellectualism Enlightenment seen as cold rationalism Adoption of values associated with the roots of the  country Religion Individualism Pride of heritage Reluctant to change but accepted some changes to  remain in power Universal male suffrage, Ireland Liberals and Marxists seen as two sides of the same  coin
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Classical Liberalism Favored changes in social and economic  policies Whigs then Liberals then Labor in Britain Government seen as the vehicle for change Focus on minorities and their rights Revolutions of 1848 “Successful” revolutions in all continental European  countries Monarchies returned after 6 months in all countries  except France and then it became the Second  French Empire in 1852 Discussion: Why did the monarchies return?
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Party Comparisons Great Britain Conservatives Reject intellectualism Religion Individualism Pride of country Reluctant to change Whigs/Liberals/Labor Supported Enlightenment Government is agent for change Favor working men over owners Protect minority rights United States Republicans Smaller government
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19 Liberalism and Conservatism lecture - Liberalism and...

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