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21 Imperialism and Invention lecture

21 Imperialism and Invention lecture - Inthe19thCentury...

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Imperialism and Invention  In the 19 th  Century 
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Imperialism Scientific expeditions   Interest in other countries Industrial revolution   A desire for captive markets Social Darwinism   Belief that whites were superior to  other races Motivators for empire Gold Glory God
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The Power of Empire Slavery British Empire versus Brazil (1850-1851) Blockage of Brazilian ports British Empire versus Zanzibar (1873) Threatened destruction of capital Did Britain have the right to enforce their opinion of moral values? What about American involvement in Iraq/Afghanistan?
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"Any community with only one  dominant power is always a  dangerous one.  That's why I favor a  multi-polar world, in which Europe  obviously has its place." – Jacques Chirac, President of France,  Time Magazine , Feb. 24, 2003
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"Too long have too many Americans,  and the people of the free world  generally, stood by as silent  accessories to the crimes of assault  against freedom - assault against basic  economic and spiritual principles that  have made nations strong." – Ezra Taft Benson, "Watchman, Warn the Wicked",  Ensign , July 1973,  p. 38
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British Empire  Expansions Scotland (1707) and Ireland  (1800) united to England  North America (1600s) India/Pakistan/Bangladesh under  East India Company (1857) Africa (1800s) Asia (1800s) Explorers and scientists James Cook (1728-1779) HMS Beagle (1831) David Livingstone (1813-1873)
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The Power of Empire India Ruled by the British East India Company Brought into the British Empire in 1858
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The Power of Empire China Reluctant trading concessions (Canton/Guangzhou) British imported tea, silk, and porcelein but had little the Chinese wanted Opium from India pushed into China 2 Opium wars (1839 & 1856) Hong Kong ceded to Britain Boxer rebellion (1899)
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British Empire Queen Victoria Prototype of a perfect  mother Devout wife Strong willed “The Better Half” Ruled during the empire’s  peak Politics usually left to  strong Prime Ministers
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Gladstone and Disraeli  Victorian Prime Ministers A woman who had dined with the great  English statesman Gladstone one night  and his rival Disraeli on another was  asked to compare them.
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