34 Scientific awakening - Scientific Awakening A directional change in thinking Preface 1700 (fromLatin scientia sci

34 Scientific awakening - Scientific Awakening A...

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Scientific Awakening A directional change in thinking
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Preface Commonly called “the Scientific Revolution” Primary phase was from roughly 1550 to  1700. Science simply meant knowledge (from Latin  scientia ). Science as we know it today was called  “natural philosophy” and wasn’t called  science until the 19th century.
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What is science today? Natural sciences Physical Sciences » Chemistry » Physics » Astronomy » Earth sciences » Environmental sciences Life Sciences » Biology (50 categories) Formal sciences Computer sciences Linguistics Mathematics Systems science Social sciences Anthropology Economics Psychology Geography Philosophy Political science Sociology Education Management Applied sciences Architecture Cognitive sciences Engineering Health sciences Medicine Military Science Example of complexity
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Fields in Chemistry Analytical chemistry Biochemistry Computational chemistry Electrochemistry Geochemistry Inorganic chemistry Materials science Medicinal chemistry Organic chemistry Polymer chemistry Physical chemistry Quantum chemistry Spectroscopy Stereochemistry Thermochemistry Thermodynamics Each of these divisions has subdivisions
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The scientific revolution is primarily a revolution in thinking and methodology. 1. It laid the basis for our modern view of the world as a rational, ordered place. 2. It shifted the nature of discourse from reason (deductive) to empirical (inductive) method. 3. Its influence was felt in government, commerce, philosophy, education and ordinary discourse. Overview
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Background The Renaissance was a time of looking  backward to classical (Greek and Roman)  art, architecture and thought. Considering the creativity and mindset  during the Baroque period, would you  consider it more backward or forward  thinking?
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Basic Definitions Science:  Seeks to understand  why  things work Technology:  Seeks to understand  how  to  make things work Art and technology were identical ( techn é ) Technology and science were independent A technology revolution preceded the scientific  revolution (printing, compass, gunpowder,  caravels, etc.)
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Background Which of the following do you consider to be  more  cumulative  and  forward thinking  in  their development? Science  Technology Art Literature Religion Which are more likely to undergo paradigm  shifts (i.e., radical change)?
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Aristotelian Universe Motion: Rest is natural.
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