Scientific AwakeningA directional change in thinking
Preface•Commonly called “the Scientific Revolution”•Primary phase was from roughly 1550 to 1700.•Science simply meant knowledge (from Latin scientia).•Science as we know it today was called “natural philosophy” and wasn’t called science until the 19th century.
Fields in Chemistry•Analytical chemistry •Biochemistry •Computational chemistry •Electrochemistry •Geochemistry •Inorganic chemistry •Materials science •Medicinal chemistry •Organic chemistry •Polymer chemistry •Physical chemistry •Quantum chemistry •Spectroscopy •Stereochemistry •Thermochemistry •ThermodynamicsEach of these divisions has subdivisions
•The scientific revolution is primarily a revolution in thinking and methodology.1.It laid the basis for our modern view of the world as a rational, ordered place.2.It shifted the nature of discourse from reason (deductive) to empirical (inductive) method.3.Its influence was felt in government, commerce, philosophy, education and ordinary discourse.Overview
Background•The Renaissance was a time of looking backward to classical (Greek and Roman) art, architecture and thought.•Considering the creativity and mindset during the Baroque period, would you consider it more backward or forward thinking?
Basic Definitions•Science: Seeks to understand why things work•Technology: Seeks to understand how to make things work–Art and technology were identical (techné)•Technology and science were independent•A technology revolution preceded the scientific revolution (printing, compass, gunpowder, caravels, etc.)
Background•Which of the following do you consider to be more cumulative and forward thinking in their development?–Science –Technology–Art–Literature–Religion•Which are more likely to undergo paradigm shifts (i.e., radical change)?