35 Enlightenment

35 Enlightenment - Age of Enlightenment Scientific...

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Age of Enlightenment Scientific Philosophy
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Enlightenment Overview The Renaissance gave us Humanism Humanism’s greatest tool was the Intelligence The Intelligence led to the Scientific Awakening The Scientific Awakening led to the Enlightenment which enshrined Intelligence
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What is the Enlightenment? The scientific method can be applied to society as well as nature This implies lateral thinking Roughly 1650-1830 Began in England, moved to France, and  then to other parts of the western world  (including America) The “Age of Reason”
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Characteristics of the Enlightenment Glorification of Reason Progressive, Rationalistic, Humanistic worldview Spokesmen = Rising Middle Class Optimism about mankind’s abilities
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Enlightenment and Religion Reason supersedes faith Distrust of tradition and revealed religion Society can get better as new paths are taken through science Man is naturally good Counter to original sin The good life is on earth Counter to focus on heaven
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How was Enlightenment Creative? Linear thinking Logical Traditional (Inside the box) Jumps to conclusions Focuses thinking Lateral thinking Intuitive Innovative (outside the box) Keeps an open mind Broadens thinking Application of science to social problems – lateral thinking Focus Depth Skills Hard Work Expe rie nce Growth Expansion Linear Creativity Lateral Creativity Breadth Analogies Unique ne ss Non-Logic Innovation Out-of-the -Box (Intuitive/Imagination) (Logic/Knowledge)
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What did science learn? The world and the heavens are all made from the same materials. The world and the heavens all obey the same natural laws. This is the unified theory of the universe
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Applying science laterally Given the new scientific understanding of  how the  entire  observable universe is  made of the same material and follows the  same laws, two gnawing issues remained: 1.  Whether and how God fits in and 2.  Whether and how the human soul fits in
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Deism ― “Scientific Religion” God can be compared to a “watchmaker”  Universe governed by laws which were  established by God God is distant (that is, no direct interactions  with mankind) Deists tended to be anti-clerical and  skeptical of organized religion Deists expected ethical, enlightened  behavior of all people
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Thomas Paine (1737-1809) on Deism “Here it is that the religion of Deism is superior to the Christian Religion. It [Deism] is free from all those invented and torturing articles that shock our reason or injure our humanity, and with which the Christian religion abounds. Its creed is pure, and sublimely simple. It believes in God, and there it rests .”
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Deism: The Rules Action 1. Defining the rules 2. Deciding to live the rules 3. Determining whether the rules were lived and what the Who does it 1. God 2. Us 3. God or judge
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Discussion Why would Deism flourish in the age of Enlightenment?
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Conservative Liberal Deist Agnostic Atheist The “Slippery Slope”
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The new scientific understanding suggests
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This note was uploaded on 11/25/2011 for the course MFG 202 taught by Professor Davis,d during the Summer '08 term at BYU.

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35 Enlightenment - Age of Enlightenment Scientific...

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