36 Enlightened Despots - newer version 2011

36 Enlightened Despots - newer version 2011 - Enlightened...

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Enlightened Despots
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Effects of the Enlightenment England Civil war and establishment of a  limited monarchy Anger (and eventual revolution) in the colonies  because they were treated differently than "mother  England" France  No immediate change from  absolute monarchy  but  seething discontent that will lead to revolution Other countries Attempts to adopt Enlightenment principles so the  rulers become “Enlightened Despots”
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Frederick II of Prussia Prussia was founded by the Teutonic Knights after they were invited to conquer the Prussian tribe in the Middle Ages
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Frederick II of Prussia Prussia always had a strong military presence (founded by knights) Statue honoring Teutonic Knights
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Frederick II of Prussia Youth Father was a military man Frederick was forced to attend  military school Frederick was also interested in  music (especially the flute) and  other arts Run-away experience Prison Decapitation (or window) Marriage (childless) Reign (r 1740-1786)
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Frederick II of Prussia Military conqueror Silesia (Austrian territory) 2 years after becoming king Maria Theresa trying to be crowned Empress of Austria Seven Years War Numerous invasions and annexations
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Frederick II of Prussia Partition of Poland
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Frederick II of Prussia Enlightened Fostered the arts Composed 100 sonatas and 4 symphonies Wrote an anti-Machiavellian book Built a Versailles-like palace in Potsdam (suburb of  Berlin) Sans Souci, Potsdam
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36 Enlightened Despots - newer version 2011 - Enlightened...

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