02 Mesopotamia lecture

02 Mesopotamia lecture - Mesopotamia TheSeedsofCreativity...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–15. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Mesopotamia  The Seeds of Creativity
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The Rivers and the Land Between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
Background image of page 2
The Rivers and the Land Problems Flooding during the growing season Salt accumulation This required  Creativity  for civilization to flourish Flooding: Dams and catch basins connected to canals. Salt: Flushed salt out by moving water from the high  elevation of the Euphrates River to lower elevation of the  Tigris River.
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Domestication of grain Creativity helped by natural circumstances 56 wild grasses possible (seed size, seed  retention, nutrition, storage, etc.) 32 varieties in Mediterranean Eurasia (versus  11 max elsewhere) Discussion: Is creativity diminished  because of favorable circumstances?
Background image of page 4
Sumerian Period 3500-2350 BC Note: Few natural barriers to invasion
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Sumerian Period 3500-2350 BC Situation: Polytheistic religion Religion was directed toward ensuring a good crop and good  trading  No ethics from religion Priests subservient to kings  Invasion-prone area so armies were important Creativity First wheeled vehicles Ziggurats Temples Tombs Governmental sites
Background image of page 6
Ziggurat Tower of Babel?
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Sumerian Period 3500-2350 BC Creative Contribution: Writing  (cuneiform) Sumerian language not connected  to any other (Adamic?) Used cuneiform writing  Recorded business and laws Adopted by later empires because it  could apply to any language 1200 known characters
Background image of page 8
Started as Pictograms (pictures that were individualized)  Developed into Ideograms (stylized pictures that were customized) Became Phonetically-related Symbols
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Akkadian Period  (2350-1650 BC)
Background image of page 10
Akkadian Period  (2350-1650 BC) Descendants of Shem  Semitic language (Arabic, Hebrew, etc) Creative Contributions: Standing army System of royal servants and landholders Poetry/epic Written law Mathematics
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Akkadian Period  (2350-1650 BC) Standing army Led by Sargon I the King of Akkad Conquered the Sumerians Expanded the empire greatly (paid the army from the  spoils of war) New lands and territories that had to be controlled Royal servants given new lands Very loyal Created economic vigor in trade  Created intelligent division of labor
Background image of page 12
Akkadian Period  (2350-1650 BC) Poetry Epic of Gilgamesh About 2000 B.C. Oldest known literary document Account of King Gilgamesh Includes a flood story (similar to Bible)
Background image of page 13

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Akkadian Period  (2350-1650 BC) Written Law: The Code of Hammurabi Developed by King Hammurabi (~1700 B.C.) Great leader, ruled during the cultural pinnacle of the  early Babylonian Period  Personally supervised navigation, construction of 
Background image of page 14
Image of page 15
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 58

02 Mesopotamia lecture - Mesopotamia TheSeedsofCreativity...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 15. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online