03 Egypt lecture

03 Egypt lecture - Egypt CreativityforEternity Egyptian...

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Egypt Creativity for Eternity
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Egyptian Civilization Began 4000-3500 BC Persisted to Roman times (31 BC) History divided into 4 main divisions Old Kingdom Middle Kingdom New Kingdom Late Period 31 Dynasties throughout the entire period
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Geography and Stability The Nile River Predictable and  gentle flooding Isolation  
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Old Kingdom Hierarchy and Security United lower and upper Egypt Capitals moved from time to time Heliopolis (Giza) Luxor (Valley of the Kings) Egypt was isolated
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Old Kingdom Narmer (Menes) First pharaoh Conquered Upper and Lower Nile Palette of Narmer (Menes) Separate crowns United crown (Lower) (Upper) First written record
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Old Kingdom   (3100 - 2200 BC) Creativity Papyrus Hieroglyphics Pyramids (Architecture  and Engineering) Religion (Pharaoh was  part god) Calendar Mathematics Art
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What do you do with the farmers during the 3 months of inundation or with soldiers after the nation is united? Creative solution: Build the pyramids (and sphinx)
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Old Kingdom   (3100 - 2200 BC) Pyramids:  Pharaoh burial place Built primarily by  Egyptians, not slaves Extensive engineering  used to build pyramids  larger and higher 
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Pyramids ― A Creative Process Earliest burial = sand pit Sand blew away and body was revealed 1 st dynasty Deep pit burial 1 st dynasty Mastaba Shelter building over the burial pit 2 nd dynasty
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Pyramids ― A Creative Process Zoser Pharaoh of the 3 rd dynasty Imhotep Architect Multiple levels of mastabas Step pyramid of Saqqara First stone building Previous buildings of mud bricks or wood or papyrus stalks Largest building at the time
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Pyramids ― A Creative Process Snefru Pharoah of the 4 th dynasty Perhaps the greatest of all pharaohs Perfected pyramid building Several attempts were needed
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Snefru’s pyramid building
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Pyramids ― A Creative Process Snefru Meydum mastaba Step pyramid with the sides filled in with limestone (later slid off) Angle was very steep, not stable Abandoned
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Pyramids ― A Creative Process Bent pyramid of Dashur was Snefru’s 2 nd edifice Lower angle than Meydum Unstable ground Cracks appeared Cedar beams supported the walls Angle changed again to try and stabilize Abandoned
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A Creative Process The Red Pyramid 3 rd edifice by Snefru
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This note was uploaded on 11/23/2011 for the course MFG 201 taught by Professor Terry,r during the Spring '08 term at BYU.

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03 Egypt lecture - Egypt CreativityforEternity Egyptian...

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