04 India and China lecture

04 India and China lecture - IndiaandChina...

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India and China Creativity Continues to Flow
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India: Dravidians  2500-1500 B.C. Situation: Settled the Indus River  valley Polytheisism Creativity Pottery (oven dried) Weight and  measurements for  trade Large cities
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India: Dravidians  2500-1500 B.C. Cities  were well planned 50,000 people  City grid/size Oven-baked bricks (versus  sun-dried of Mesopotamia) Sanitation Great baths  No defense
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India: Aryan/Vedic Society  1500-500 B.C. Situation: Dravidians conquered by the Aryans Sanskrit, an Indo-European language, became the dominant  language of India Vedas  (holy books) were written in Sanskrit Beliefs (religion) of the Aryans forced on the Dravidians  (with some blending) Eventually became Hindu religion Villages became the principal societal unit (instead of  large cities) More food was needed (number of mouths increased), villages  allowed for more planting Aryans were nomadic and cities were likely uncomfortable for  them
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India: Aryan/Vedic Society  1500-500 B.C. Ruler called raja (compare to rey, rex, roi) Development of caste system  “Caste” = “color” 4 main castes: Brahmans (priests) Aryan     Aristocrats and warriors Aryan     Peasants and craftsmenDrav.     Untouchables, outcasts Drav. Religions  reinforced the caste system
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India: Aryan/Vedic Society  1500-500 B.C. Hinduism Used the caste  system Reincarnation Epic poems Mahabharata   (contains  Bhagavad- Gita ) Shiva
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Hinduism Its origin is in the Aryan faith and, therefore, it claims to be the oldest major religion Aryans (had religion before invasion in 1750 BC) Moses (1300 BC) Third largest religion 96% of Hindus live in India An umbrella term for many religions that are related in beliefs and origin “Truth is one, although the sages (gurus) know it as many.”
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Hinduism = Eternal Law Therefore, in the Hindu mind all people who work with faith, love and persistence are following the laws of progression and, therefore, what those people believe is not critical since they are following Hinduism concepts without knowing it.
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Hinduism Four essential basic beliefs for any Hindu 1. Karma ― The totality of actions in this and future lives. 2. Reincarnation ― Living again in another body.
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04 India and China lecture - IndiaandChina...

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