08 Classical Greek Philosophy lecture

08 Classical Greek Philosophy lecture - Classical Greek...

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Unformatted text preview: Classical Greek Philosophy Aristotle Socrates 470-399 BC Divided philosophical history into 2 groups Pre-Socratics (Sophists) Philosophers Believed in a single, all powerful God Used dialectics (Socratic Method) to find ultimate truth Concepts of Greek Philosophy The heart of Socrates' teaching: The unexamined life is not worth living. Socratic Method Posed questions and then questioned the answers Searched for the ultimate nature of qualities What is Duty? What is Truth? What is Evil? What is Ethical? Socrates Knowledge is intuitive and is merely revealed by learning Taught a barbarian the Pythagorean Theorem + = Conclusion: Everyone can learn everything Socrates & The Oracle The words of the Oracle sent Socrates on a personal quest to find wisdom. Who, Truly is the Wisest? I am called wise, for my hearers always imagine that I myself possess the wisdom which I find wanting in others: but the truth is, O men of Athens, that God only is wise; and by his answer he intends to show that the wisdom of men is worth little or nothing; he is not speaking of Socrates, he is only using my name by way of illustration, as if he said, O men, he is the wisest, who, like Socrates, knows that his wisdom is in truth worth nothing. Socrates quoted by Plato in The Apology Happiness is the consequence not of physical or external circumstances, of wealth or power or reputation, but of living a life that is good for the soul. Yet to live a genuinely good life, one must know what is the nature and essence of the good. Richard Tarnas in The Passion of the Western Mind Socrates taught: My advice is to get married: if you find a good wife youll be happy; if not youll become a philosopher. Deep Philosophy about marriage from Socrates Socrates Convicted of corrupting the youth Described as the best and wisest and most noble man Plato 427-347 BC Student of Socrates Born an aristocrat Founded the Academy First university Purpose of the university (and of life) Thinking about deeper meanings Wrote dialogues of Socrates, his own political theory and works of ethics Plato Mathematics Supported Pythagorean school Math is the organizing rules for the Forms which combine in various geometric shapes to create all things Sign on the door of the Academy: Let no one ignorant of geometry enter here Plato The heart of Plato's teachings: What is the real nature of things?...
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08 Classical Greek Philosophy lecture - Classical Greek...

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