09 Hellenism

09 Hellenism - Hellenism and Alexander the Great Hellenism...

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Hellenism and Alexander the Great
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Hellenism Greece declined after the Peloppesian War Greece conquered by Phillip of Macedonia Phillip used his son, Alexander as a general and as an ambassador
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Phillip’s Innovations in war
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Alexander the Great Personal Desire for Greatness As a boy, Alexander said: My father will get ahead of  me in everything, and will leave  nothing great for me to do .”
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Alexander Had a vision for the “Greek” world and his  own glory Created a new empire that is called the  Hellenistic World
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The Hellenistic World Fourth Century B.C. 6
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Alexander Made King at Pella Some territories revolted along the Danube Advisors told him to just give up these territories He marched to the Danube and stopped the revolt While securing kingdom north to Danube, Thebes rebelled He destroyed city except the temples and the house of the poet Pindar The 30,000 survivors were sold into slavery Turned attention to Persia Danube 7
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The “Perfect Greek" Handsome Well educated (by Aristotle) Respectful of Greek past (memorized and carried with  him a copy of the  Illiad ) Adept in rhetoric and diplomacy (ambassador) Athletic (competing throughout his life) Scientist (strong interest in plants, animals, geography,  and even took scientists on his campaigns)  Alexander Inspired Confidence
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The “Perfect General” Never lost a battle Personally fought in battles (wounded several  times) After a battle mingled with the survivors Honored the dead Strongly religious burials Exempted their families from further military duty and  from taxes Broke up regional regiments to have loyalty  directly to him Alexander Inspired Confidence
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The “Perfect Conqueror” Spared families of conquered kings This won the cooperation of the families Treated conquered soldiers with respect This convinced some conquered soldiers to switch  sides and support him Respected local religions and customs Desert soothsayer Rebuilt Karnak and Luxor temples Alexander Inspired Confidence
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Pella: May 334 BC 42,000 soldiers Troy: Achilles tomb, Sacred shield from
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This note was uploaded on 11/23/2011 for the course MFG 201 taught by Professor Terry,r during the Spring '08 term at BYU.

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09 Hellenism - Hellenism and Alexander the Great Hellenism...

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