16 Islam lecture

16 Islam lecture - Islam CreativityintheDesert GeneralFacts

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Islam Creativity in the Desert
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General Facts 2 nd  largest religion, fastest growing "Islam"=religion  "Muslim"=adherent Mostly in  Africa and  Asia “Surrender to  Allah”
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Arabs before Islam Tribal society on the Arabian peninsula Farmers, traders, nomadic shepherds Tribal organization Descended from Abraham Pagan Pre-Mohammed believed in animist religion
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Mohammed’s History Early life Ka’ba Marriage and Business Worked for Khadijah Identified as a prophet Married Kahdijah, 15 years his senior Marriage was idyllic 6 children, only 2 girls lived to adulthood
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Mohammed’s History Contemplative person Went to a cave at Mount Hira to meditate Not accepted in Mecca and left
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Mohammed’s History The  Higera First year of Muslim calendar Yathrib renamed  Medina  (“City of the  Prophet”) First Muslim community First mosque still exists
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Mohammed’s History Returned to Mecca Destroyed idols Changed Ka’ba to a mosque Wars to spread the faith (mostly occurred following the death of  Mohammed) Died in 632
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Islamic Beliefs 5 Pillars 1. Belief in Allah and Mohammed  as his prophet 2. Pray 5 times daily 3. Pay alms of 2.5% of income 4. Fast during month of  Ramadan 5. Haj  or pilgrimage to  Mecca once
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This note was uploaded on 11/23/2011 for the course MFG 201 taught by Professor Terry,r during the Spring '08 term at BYU.

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16 Islam lecture - Islam CreativityintheDesert GeneralFacts

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