21 Middle ages arts and Literature lecture EMBEDDED MUSIC - short 2011

21 Middle ages arts and Literature lecture EMBEDDED MUSIC - short 2011

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Medieval Arts and Literature
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Music Gregorian Chant (Plainchant) Established by Pope Gregory I Method of enhancing worship Monophonic (single,  unaccompanied melody line) Sung in unison One note for each syllable Highly conjunct (transitions) Subjects: Psalms or other scriptures Accompany the mass
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The Mass – Presentation Order Proper (changed daily) Introit Collect Epistle Gradual Alleluia (or Tract) Evangelium Offertory Secret Preface Canon Communion Post-Communion Ordinary (fixed) Kyrie Gloria Credo Sanctus Agnus Dei
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Beyond Plainchant Melisma (about 800 AD) Featured voices More than one note per syllable Monophonic Organum (about 1000 AD) Polyphonic (multiple melody lines) Cantus Firmus  Same text (chants) Flourished at Notre Dame Perotin Motet (about 1200 AD) Non-religious Addition of words to music 2 or more melodies with their own texts  (derivatives of chants) Ars Nova  (about 1300 AD) Complexity in rhythm with each part having  a melody and rhythm Guillame de Machaut
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Music Notation Guido d'Arezzo 10 th  Century Squares on a 4-line  staff Treble and bass clef Music terminology Crescendo, forte,  etc. Notes a to g Solimation (do, re, mi,  etc) Ut, re, mi, fa, so, la Taken from a hymn  to John the Baptist
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Troubadour Poetry Trobar: “to sing poetry”
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Art in the Late Middle Ages  Representational 2-dimensional Depicted God’s power and  authority God can see all therefore in art  everything was obvious and  open
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Art in the Late Middle Ages Very little non-religious art Crucifixion and Madonna paintings Icons Doorway to approach God Special reverence themselves
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Art in the Late Middle Ages Decorated Manuscripts
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Art in the Late  Middle Ages Giotto (1267-1337) Beginning of Realism Lamentation
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Medieval Literature Arthurian legend Lived in England in 5 th  C Writings: Geoffrey of Monmouth (1135) Crétien de Troyes (1135-1183) Mallory (1469) Other knight epics German knights ( Die  Nibelungenlied) Siegfried Brunhilde Lohengrin, Tristan and Isolde
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Courtly Love Books were entertaining Instructions for proper  behavior Pure love of a knight for a  lady Note the relationship to  Platonic love Rules : Marriage is no excuse for not loving Made public, love rarely endures Jealously increases the feeling of love
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Dante Alighieri Life in Florence Politics Well educated Intrigued by astronomy,  mathematics, numerology Deeply spiritual
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Dante Alighieri Relationship with Beatrice
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This note was uploaded on 11/23/2011 for the course MFG 201 taught by Professor Terry,r during the Spring '08 term at BYU.

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21 Middle ages arts and Literature lecture EMBEDDED MUSIC - short 2011

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