22 End of the middle ages - short 2011

22 End of the middle ages - short 2011 - The End of the...

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The End of the Middle Ages 14th Century
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14th Century The “worst” century in  history Plague War Taxes Bad government Insurrection Schism in the church Led to innovations and  cultural changes
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Estates (classes) of society 1st Estate = The Roman Catholic Church Purpose = Do good deeds 2nd Estate = The Nobility (both local and “national”) Purpose = Govern/Fight 3rd Estate = The Commoners (all others) Purpose = Work
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Changing Nature of the Catholic Church – 1st Estate "The church is not susceptible of being  reformed in her doctrines…The church is the work  of God and, like all of God's works, it is perfect… The church is independent of any earthly power,  not merely in regard to her lawful end and  purpose, but also in regard to whatever means she  may deem suitable and necessary to attain them." –Stated by a 14th Century pope
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The Babylonian Captivity Philip IV, the Fair (France) Wanted to tax the clergy Pope Boniface VIII Originally not elected but he  forced the hermit pope to resign  and was then elected Resisted Philip and issued the  Bull  Unan Sanctum Philip’s army invaded and  captured the pope who died  shortly thereafter
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“That there is one Holy Catholic and  Apostolic Church we are impelled by our faith  to believe and to hold – this we do firmly  believe and openly confess – and outside of  this there is neither salvation or remission of  sins… We moreover, proclaim, declare, and  pronounce that it is altogether necessary to  salvation for every human being to be subject  to the Roman Pontiff.” – The Bull  Unam Sanctum  of Boniface VIII Catholic Supremecy over Nations
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The “Babylonian Captivity” Philip forced the election  of Clement V (a  Frenchman) as Pope Church carried away  “captive” to France – like  Jews to Babylon The Avignon Papacy 7 popes Corruption (money) City of Rome fell into ruin Avignon France
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The Great Schism Catherine of Siena Received revelations while in a state of  ecstasy She frightened Gregory XI about damnation if  he died outside of Rome Pope Gregory XI moved back to Rome to  die 
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This note was uploaded on 11/23/2011 for the course MFG 201 taught by Professor Terry,r during the Spring '08 term at BYU.

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22 End of the middle ages - short 2011 - The End of the...

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