23 Age of Exploration - short 2011

23 Age of Exploration - short 2011 - The Age of Exploration...

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The Age of Exploration Discovering Creativity
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Why the age of discovery? Loss of Constantinople European trade zones collapsed Trade Zones
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How to get to the eastern trade zones from Europe? Around Africa
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Portugal Committed to sail to the Indies Closest nation to the West Coast of Africa Never strongly involved in Mediterranean trade Henry the Navigator  (1394-1460) Established school for maritime pursuits Compass, astrolabe, cartography Developed the caravel Suitable for ocean travel Deep draft Lots of sails
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Portugal Established trading sites along the coast of West Africa Problem: winds below the bulge of Africa blew westward Solution: Hug the coast
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Portugal King John II (1481-1495) Bartholomew Diaz (1487) Discovered the Cape of Good Hope Confirmed possibility of sailing around Africa Turned down Columbus Portugal did not need to fund a radical venture  because they already had a safe route confirmed But they had not rounded the Cape yet
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Portugal King Manuel the Fortunate  (1495-1521) Panicked because of Columbus Urgently needed to get to the Indies  to establish trading sites Vasco da Gama (1497-1499) Used winds to sweep him toward  the Cape of Good Hope Rounded the Cape and proceeded  to India Gained control of spice trade Cannons used on second trip
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Spain Decision to fund Columbus
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23 Age of Exploration - short 2011 - The Age of Exploration...

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