Tutorial 11.(a) Ben makes an offer to sell his entire collection of his Cahflow Board Game toJess for RM100 and his offer shall expire after 7 days. On the 5th day, Ben revokes his offerand informs Jess about his decision. Discuss.Answer :Issue: whether the revocation of Ben offer is lawful or unlawful/ whether Ben can revoke hisoffer before 7 days.Ben wants to revoke his offer before 7 days. Revocation can be established in two conditions.According to the Contract Act 1950, section 5(1) offer can be revoke at any time beforeacceptance, lapse or revoke and there must be reasonable notice by the proposer to the otherparty under section 6(a). This means revocation can be made by Ben at any time beforeacceptance. Ben has informed Jess on the fifth, so long the offer has not been accepted by Jess.In other words, for the notice of revocation to be effective it must come to the knowledge of theofferee before his acceptance of the offer. Therefore, the revocation of the proposal is validwhich means Ben can revoke his offer before Jess accepts the offer although it is before 7 days.On the other hand, if Jess has accepted the offer before the notice of revocation, the revocation isnot effective because the agreement is formed.(b) Would your answer be different if Ben has accepted from Jess a RM5 deposit to keephis offer open?Answer: Yes, the answer will be different. Ben cannot revoke his offer due to he has accepted RM5 ofdeposit from Jess, this becomes a valid option. Besides, it does not fulfil any condition ofrevocation of proposal. Therefore, the revocation will not be valid in this situation.Option means if the RM5 has been paid by Jess to Ben. An option is a promise to keep the offeropen until 7 days. Ben cannot revoke his offer until expiry date.
2. Consider the following facts:- 1st May – Ali in Alor Setar writes to Muthu in Johor and offers to sell his superbikeRX100 for RM15,000 to him.3rd May – Muthu receives Ali’s letter of offer. In the afternoon of the same day, Muthuposts his acceptance letter together with his cheque for RM15,000 at the Johor postoffice.6th May – Thinking that Muthu is not interested, he posts his revocation of his earlieroffer to Muthu and on the same day Ali sold his superbike to Ah Chong.7th May – In the afternoon, Ali receives Muthu’s letter of acceptance together with thesaid cheque.