Power_Point_12

Power_Point_12 - Spence (1984) We have come a long way from...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Spence (1984) We have come a long way from the naïve illusion that recalling the past is a simple act of going back to an earlier time and place and reading off the content of the scene that emerges. More than we realized, the past is continuously being reconstructed in the analytic process.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Bartlett’s (1932) “The War of the Ghosts” study (demo) Found that people’s memory over time for meaningful material does not reproduce the original passage in any strict sense. Instead, he argued, we construct a memory by combining elements from the original material together with existing knowledge. Bartlett’s explanation for this effect was in terms of schema, which he defined as “an organization of past reactions or past experiences”, basically a stored framework or knowledge about some topic.
Background image of page 2
According to this view, Memory is an interpretive process. The information that is entered into memory reflects our understanding of an object or event. Perceptual information is also coded, but such information is less critical to the memory function and tends to be lost more quickly than meaning content.
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 6

Power_Point_12 - Spence (1984) We have come a long way from...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online