Intro_to_Cognition

Intro_to_Cognition - Cognition Psyc33000 Professor N Rader...

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Cognition Psyc33000 Professor N. Rader The Basics Who’s Who in the class – Professor Rader Teaching Assistant Ted Alhanti attendance, class photos and info sheet Notebook – Why a notebook and how its organized Paying for the Notebook -- $5 in envelope with your name Syllabus – Highlights Calendar – Its organization and how to use it
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What is Cognitive Psychology ? How to study the mind? Some history Wundt & Mental Chronometry Introspection Gestalt Psychology Behaviorism How did this shift come about????? Paradigmatic Shift Leading to Modern Day Cognitive Psychology
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Wundt and Mental Chronometry In attempting to resolve disputes amongst astronomers who had written down different times on their star maps for positioning stars, Wundt suggested that the differences were caused by differences in the speed of mental processes. He believed it would be possible to explain differences in behavior by measuring how long it took people to respond to stimuli. Hence was born the reaction time experiment. Important in Wundt’s lab were a number of devices used to measure reaction time. Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920)
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William James (1842-1910) Introspection as an Approach to Studying the Mind “Introspective Observation is what we have to rely on first and foremost and always. The word introspection need hardly be defined—it means, of course, the looking into our own minds and reporting what we there discover.” E.B. Titchener (1867-1927 Titchener’s brain in the Wilder Brain Collection at Cornell Edward Titchener, the main structuralist, gave psychology its first definition as a science as the study of mental experience, of consciousness to be studied by trained introspection. Titchener founded the 1 st psych lab in the U.S. at Cornell University. William James was a proponent of functionalism, which refers to a general psychological philosophy that considers mental life and behavior in terms of active adaptation to the person's environment. Functionalism was a philosophy opposing the prevailing structuralism of psychology of the late 19th century. In order to make psychology scientific we must not only describe, we must also explain mind. We must answer the question “why.”
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Gestalt Psychology “The whole is more than the sum of its parts.” The Gestalt Psychologists observed that what people saw in simple drawings was not just descriptive of what was on the page. Instead, there were “emergent properties” such as seeing certain lines or textures as belonging together to form a whole.
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