Poetry Overview

Poetry Overview - OVERVIEW THEMUSICANDFORMS OFPOETRY...

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OVERVIEW: THE MUSIC AND FORMS OF POETRY
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WHAT IS A POEM? NO UNIVERSALLY AGREED UPON  DEFINITION. BUT ONE ESSENTIAL FACT IS THAT  POETRY BEGAN AS SONG.
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POETRY AS SONG WHAT MOST DISTINGUISHES POETRY  FROM PROSE ARE ITS MUSICAL  STRUCTURAL PATTERNS
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RHYTHM LANGUAGE CONSISTS OF A SEQUENCE  ORGANIZED INTO SYLLABLES OF  VARYING EMPHASIS (OR “STRESS”).
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RHYTHM (cont.) IF A POEM’S RHYTHM IS ORGANIZED  INTO A RECURRING PATTERN, THIS IS  CALLED  METER .
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METER PROCESS OF ANALYZING A POEM’S  METER (I.E., OF DETERMINING THE  SYLLABLES PER LINE) IS CALLED  SCANSION .
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METER (cont.) OF THE FOUR METRICAL SYSTEMS IN  ENGLISH POETRY, THE MOST  COMMON BY FAR IS  ACCENTUAL- SYLLABIC  METER.
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METER (cont.) IN THIS METRICAL SYSTEM THE BASIC  RHYTHMIC UNIT IS CALLED A  FOOT  (A  COMBINATION OF 2 OR 3 STRESSED  AND/OR UNSTRESSED SYLLABLES).
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METER (cont.) THE FOUR MOST COMMON FEET IN  ENGLISH POETRY: IAMB (adj. IAMBIC) unstressed-stressed (NEW YORK) TROCHEE (adj. TROCHAIC) stressed-unstressed (DELHI)
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METER (cont.) COMMON FEET (cont.): ANAPEST (adj. ANAPESTIC) unstressed-unstressed-stressed (TENNESSEE) DACTYL (adj. DACTYLIC) stressed-unstressed-unstressed  (DELAWARE)
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METER (cont.) FROM THE RENAISSANCE TO THE RISE  OF  FREE VERSE  IN THE 20 TH  CENTURY,  IAMBIC METER WAS THE MOST  COMMON IN ENGLISH POETRY,  CONSIDERED BY MANY TO BE THE  METER CLOSEST TO EVERYDAY SPEECH.
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NUMBER OF FEET PER LINE:
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This note was uploaded on 11/24/2011 for the course HUM 201 taught by Professor David during the Fall '10 term at BYU.

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Poetry Overview - OVERVIEW THEMUSICANDFORMS OFPOETRY...

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