3_WORLDS_MEET2010 - 3 WORLDS MEET Name At the end of this...

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3 WORLDS MEET Name________________ At the end of this chapter, students will be able to answer the following: 1. What were the characteristics of societies in the Americas prior to 1492? 2. What motivated Portugal and Spain to explore and settle in North America? 3. What were the consequences of the interactions between indigenous societies, Europeans, and West Africans? Hmmmm . . . Take a look at the following pictures. What does each group think about the other? What do you think some of the expectations will be? INTRODUCTION : The time before Christopher Columbus’s arrival in the Americas is referred to as the pre-Columbian era. The pre-Columbian era was characterized by thriving societies of native peoples. Estimates suggest that there were between 1-5 million Native Americans in the present day United States and Canada, and about 20 million natives in present day Mexico, as well as people living on the islands in the Caribbean Sea and on the South American continent. Some of these native societies existed at subsistence levels; others, such as the Incas and Aztecs, had complex systems of government, religion, and social organizations. It has also been discovered that they developed extremely sophisticated systems of astronomy and time keeping, as well as a host of other scientific and engineering advances. Some of these societies lived in fixed settlements, farming to produce food; others were nomadic, hunting animals and gathering natural vegetation for food. When Columbus reached the Americas, he mistakenly believed he had arrived in India, hence the name “Indians”. Columbus was not the first to “discover” the New World when he landed in 1492.
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This note was uploaded on 11/24/2011 for the course HUM 201 taught by Professor David during the Fall '10 term at BYU.

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3_WORLDS_MEET2010 - 3 WORLDS MEET Name At the end of this...

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