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part_1 - with new renovations of Arabic architecture –...

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India, China, & Japan: From Medieval to the Modern World Aeryka Lonnon
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India: From Mughal Conquest to British Rule India separated into a series of kingdoms, many of which were ruled by rajputs . Constant fighting hindered them and made them more vulnerable to conquest First major seat of Muslim power was at Delhi where Turkish forces est. a sultanate (Muslim kingdom rules by a sultan) Strongest in NW (Indus Valley)
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Mughal Empire 1526, Babur (Afghanistan chieftan) won control over N. India His grandson, Akbar, extended rule over India and Afghanistan. This kingdom was called Mughal (Persian word for Mongol) Akbar famous for courage, military power, book collecter, patron of arts Didn’t impose Islamic faith on subjects Married Hindu Princess He brought about the new language called Urdu which was a mix of Hindi, Arabic and Persian
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Mughal Art Most visible remains were left by Mughal architects. Mosques, palaces, walled cities, and forts all show traditional Indian techniques combined
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Unformatted text preview: with new renovations of Arabic architecture – Most important renovations: dome, pointed arch, minaret (tower) • Most famous Mughal building is Taj Mahal at Agra built by order of Shah Jehan. It was made as a tomb monument for his wife Banu Bagam (mother of his 14 children) • Most all painting are in the form of book illustrations Mughal Art Cont. • Mughal painting is secular: shows scenes of courtly life, including realism portraits (1st for Indian Art), and historical events. • Calligraphy (inspired by Persian models) was combined with miniature paintings • Literature and production of fine books was highly esteemed • Babur (founder of Mughal Rule) wrote an autobiography called Babur-nama in Turkish. • Mughal tolerance allowed Hindu writers to write in their own language • Tulsi Das produced Ramacaritmanas (The Holy Lake of the Acts of Rama) which combines monotheism with traditional Hindu polytheism....
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