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chapter_16_alexandra - Chapter 16 The Eighteenth Century...

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Chapter 16 The Eighteenth Century: From Rococo to Revolution Alexandra Karydas 1st
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Literature in the Eighteenth Century The principal English writers formed a group calling themselves Augustans The name reveals the degree to which these writers admired and modeled themselves on the Augustan poets of ancient Rome Pope’s Rococo Stories -Alexander Pope(1688-1744), the greatest English poet of the eighteenth century, was one of the Augustans -Suffered throughout his life from ill health (permanently crippled) -A Catholic in a Protestant country, he was unable to establish a career in public life or obtain public patronage for his literary work - Pope’s literary reputation was first made by the Essay on Criticism, but he won economic independence by producing highly successful translations of Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey - Greatest achievements were in his characteristically rococo medium of satire - In the long poem Essay on Man (1733-1734), Pope combined Christian and humanist teaching to express his philosophy of human beings in the divine
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Literature in the Eighteenth Century Swift’s Savage Indignation - Perhaps the darkest of all visions of human nature in the 18th century - In a letter to Alexander Pope, he made it clear that whatever his affection for individuals, he hated the human race as a whole. -According to Swift, humans were not to be defined automatically as rational animals, but as animals capable of reason -It was precisely because so many of them failed to live up to their capabilities that Swift turned his “savage indignation” against them into bitter satire - Born in Dublin and played an active part in Irish resistance to English rule
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This note was uploaded on 11/24/2011 for the course HUM 201 taught by Professor David during the Fall '10 term at BYU.

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chapter_16_alexandra - Chapter 16 The Eighteenth Century...

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