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chapter_3 - Chapter 3 Classical Greece and the Hellenistic...

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Chapter 3 Classical Greece and the Hellenistic Period Larissa, Richie (w/ a t),
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RICHIE W/ A T
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Aristophanes and Greek Comedy Aristophanes was the greatest comic poet of fifth century B.C.E The Birds, a play about two Athenians who leave home to find a better place to live. They team up with the birds and build a new city in the sky called Cloudcuckooland. Lysistrata deals with the problem of how to prevent war. The end of the Peloponnesian War, was the fall of Athenian democracy, both the arts and the politics were affected by all the confusion.
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Philosophy in the Late Classical Period Socrates was charged with teaching kids to question authority. He was executed. Socrates ideas where of the fate of the individual, and questioning tradition. Socrates wrote nothing, most of what he taught that we know comes from his student Plato. Sophist- professional philosophers. Socrates wasn’t paid The writings of Xenophon and Plato are all we have left of Socrates' philosophies. Plato then founded the Academy, first institution devoted to education and research. Mathematics, law, and political theory. Plato then went to Sicily to try to make Syracuse into a model kingdom.
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Plato then founded the Academy, first institution devoted to education and research. Mathematics, law, and political theory. Plato then went to Sicily to try to make Syracuse into a model kingdom. Plato's works are about political theory and an ideal society. Plato’s ideal society seemed to be very athoritive. With censors on music, and art. Even selective breeding. Plato’s most gifted pupil was Aristotle.
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Aristotle founded a school that was in competition with Plato’s. Aristotle founded a rival philosophy to his former teachers. Aristotle was the greatest systematizer. He wrote on every serious topic. metaphysics Aristotle deals with dispute with Plato and the Theory of Forms. Claimed forms were actually present in the objects we see. Aristotle also discussed the nature of God. Made God the Unmoved Mover. Aristotle wrote Rhetoric and Poetics. Aristotle created a formula for a tragedy. The tragic hero must be noble, through a tragic flaw character meets a bad end involving the reversal of fortune or death. Catharsis- purifying the soul, the hero of the tragedy
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This note was uploaded on 11/24/2011 for the course HUM 201 taught by Professor David during the Fall '10 term at BYU.

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chapter_3 - Chapter 3 Classical Greece and the Hellenistic...

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