descart - Rene Descartes The Father of Modern Philosophy...

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Rene Descartes The Father of Modern Philosophy 1596-1650
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REN E DESCARTES THE END OF DYNAMISM THE BEGINNING OF THE MECHANISTIC WORLD
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Before Descartes--Dynamism The medieval view is that God is the driving, animating force within all matter. The flight of birds, illnesses, earthquakes, volcanoes--nearly all natural phenomena-- were signs of God’s pleasure or displeasure. Priests and ministers were the best source for understanding the physical world.
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Dynamism --Exhibit 1 Magnets were protection against witches. A magnet under a pillow would drive an adultress from her bed. A compass is “the finger of God.” William Gilbert (1544-1603) explained the earth’s rotation by saying the earth’s soul could feel the sun’s magnetic field and knew it would burn on one side and freeze on the other if it did not act; therefore, it chose to revolve upon its axis.
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Dynamism --Exhibit 2 Folk traditions of sympathetic magic derive from the age of Dynamism . Voodoo dolls made in the appearance of someone give power over the person (homeopathic). Putting salve on a knife blade could heal the wounds it made. Sending a handkerchief carried power from the sender (touching the hem of Jesus’ garment) (contagion).
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Dynamism --Exhibit 3 “Logick is unprofitable; . . . nineteen Syllogismes do not bring forth knowledge.” Rather, the understanding must transform itself “into the form of the things intelligible; in which point of time indeed, the understanding for a moment is made (as it were) the intelligible thing itself.”
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