galileo

galileo - Galileo Galilei Practical Science Confronts...

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Galileo Galilei Practical Science Confronts Faith: The First Round Score: Faith 1, Science 0
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Born 1564 (Shakespeare also born; Michelangelo and Calvin die)
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Galileo’s Challenges to Aristotelian Thought Falling weights (a 2 pound ball falls as fast as a 4 pound ball) Parabolic motion (Stones dropped from a mast) The heavens are mutable (appearance of supernovas) Heliocentric model of the universe
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Galileo’s Path to Judgment: Background Ptolemy’s system or model of the heavens (similar to Aristotle’s views) held that all celestial orbs were perfect spheres The Ptolemaic model was also geocentric, i.e., it maintained that all celestial orbs revolved around the earth, the moon, planets, and sun directly, while the stars were part of a large crystalline sphere surrounding all. (Aristotle, in fact, said there were 55 crystalline spheres moving at different velocities.)
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Aristotelian/Ptolemaic Universe
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Galileo’s Path to Judgment: Background The Ptolemaic system had slowly been adopted as a matter of faith by the Catholic church. Aristotle and the scholarly tradition among religious school authorities were seen as the proper sources of knowledge.
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Religious Response to the Copernican Theory that the earth revolves around the sun “The eyes are witnesses that the heavens revolve in the space of twenty-four hours. But certain men, either from the love of novelty, or to make a display of ingenuity, have concluded that the earth moves; and they maintain that neither the eighth sphere nor the sun revolves. . . . Now it is a want of honesty and decency to assert such notions publicly, and the example is pernicious. It is the part of a good mind to accept the truth as revealed by God and to acquiesce in it.” (Philip Melanchthon, 1549)
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This note was uploaded on 11/24/2011 for the course HUM 201 taught by Professor David during the Fall '10 term at BYU.

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galileo - Galileo Galilei Practical Science Confronts...

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