humanities_ch._2

humanities_ch._2 - Architecture the Doric and Ionic Orders...

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Architecture: the Doric and Ionic Orders Egyptians influenced the early development of Greek style Egyptian buildings first used bundles of papyrus, then advanced to stone post-and- lintel constructions, this inspired the first Greek temples Within Greece, the Doric architecture was established in 600 B.C.E. Ionic style was developed later and widely used in the classical period
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Architecture: the Doric and Ionic Orders Important Dorian temples: temple of Hera at Olympia, the temple of Apollo at Corinth, and the meeting hall Basilica (the oldest of the three) at Paestum which is also dedicated to Hera Important ionic structures were built at Samos and Ephesus
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Architecture: the Doric and Ionic Orders Doric columns-simple columns have no base, taper towards the top and have twenty flutes (grooves). At the top of the column is the capital which contains the echinus (disc) and the abacus (square block). Above the capital is the upper part of the temple called the entablature. Within the entablature is the architrave (rectangular blocks), then the frieze containing switching triglyphs (mini columns) and metopes (panels that are plain or decorated). Above this is the
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humanities_ch._2 - Architecture the Doric and Ionic Orders...

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