The Pluralists - The Pluralists 1. Parmenides successors...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1. Parmenides’ successors seemed to be concerned with these five central Parmenidean doctrines: 1. Monism: there is no plurality . 2. There is no motion . 3. There is no generation or destruction . 4. There is no qualitative change or differentiation . 5. There is no void . 2. All of the pluralistic responses to Parmenides (Empedocles, Anaxagoras, and the Atomists) were influenced by him, but rejected his extreme monism. They sought to reconcile, as much as possible, Parmenideanism with common sense. 3. They all disagreed with Parmenides about (1) and (2): all maintained plurality and motion. But they all accepted (3): there is no coming into existence or ceasing to exist. Where they differ among themselves is over (4) and (5): the reality of qualitative differences and the existence of the void. 4. Empedocles and Anaxagoras broke ranks with Parmenides over (4), but toed the line on (5). The atomists agreed with Parmenides that there is no genuine qualitative change, but claimed that there was empty space - a void. These points are all summarized in the table below: Pluralists’ Scorecard The Atomists Leucippus & Democritus Plurality + + Motion + + Generation & Destruction Qualitative Difference & Change + ? Void + 5. It is also instructive to compare the ways different pluralists responded to Zeno. Zeno’s argument against plurality makes this explicit assumption: a. Whatever has size has parts. It also assumes implicitly (as we saw) that: b. There is a smallest size part. Here’s how two pluralists, Anaxagoras and Democritus, responded. Anaxagoras Accepts (a), but denies (b): “Of the small, there is no smallest,” he says. Democritus
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 11/26/2011 for the course PHILOSOPHY 101 taught by Professor Buechner during the Fall '06 term at Rutgers.

Page1 / 4

The Pluralists - The Pluralists 1. Parmenides successors...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online