2 Cultural Background

2 Cultural Background - 2.CulturalBackgroundto...

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2. Cultural Background to  the New Testament Setting the stage for Jesus and the rise of Christianity
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Background to the New Testament 2 The Parting of the Ways Caught between the extreme isolation of Judaism and the forced assimilation of Hellenism, Judaism fractures into 4 major groups around 200 B.C.: 1) Pharisees 2) Sadducees 3) Essenes 4) Zealots
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Background to the New Testament 3 Pharisees Although their name carries a negative connotation now (“pharisaical”), the Pharisees were likely closer to Jesus’ teachings than the other sects From Hebrew parush , meaning “separated.” Jesus’ condemnation of the Pharisees arises from their hypocrisy Matt. 23:3
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Background to the New Testament 4 The Oral Law A secret tradition given to Moses at Mt. Sinai and handed down orally until the time of Jesus. Later recorded in the Mishnah Meant to supplement belief in the TaNaK Building a “hedge about the Law.” Mark 7:3
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Background to the New Testament 5 Sadducees Name probably comes from “Zadok,” the name of Solomon’s High Priest. Thus the Sadducees are in charge of the Temple and are in large part aristocratic. The Pharisees downplayed the temple in favor of salvation through the Law of Moses. Believed only in the Torah Denied resurrection and immortality of the soul, angering the Pharisees Jesus’ most violent opponents Acts 23: 7-8 2 Nephi 10:5 Matt. 22: 23-33
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6 The Sanhedrin Together, the Pharisees and the Sadducees formed a ruling committee of 71 men know as the Sanhedrin . This group was headed
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2 Cultural Background - 2.CulturalBackgroundto...

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