5_Progressive Era - Terms and Outline The Progressive Era...

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Terms and Outline The Progressive Era The Progressive Era (c. 1900-1920) the most intense period in a long movement of American activism approaching the turn of the century. This Gilded Age activism responds to the sudden wealth, growth, and changes in that society, and lays the foundation for the Progressive reforms that follow. I. Ideological Activism A. Social Evolution C. Darwin, On the Origin of Species (1859) Social Darwinism—Herbert Spencer Reform Darwinism—Lester Frank Ward B. Social Criticism Henry Demarest Lloyd— Wealth Against Commonwealth (1894) Thorstein Veblen— Theory of the Leisure Class (1899) “conspicuous consumption” Edw. Bellamy— Looking Backward, 2000-1887 (1888) C. Social Gospel Movement YMCA, Salvation Army, Baptist Temple Æ Temple University Walter Rauschenbusch— Xy and the Social Crisis (1907) II. Practical Activism A. Presidential Initiative Chester Arthur—Pendleton Civil Service Act (1883) Grover Cleveland Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) (1887) Benjamin Harrison—Sherman Anti-Trust Act (1890) B. Agrarian Revolt Leonidas Polk Farmers and Economy Three stage revolt: The Grange (1870s) The Alliance (1880s) Free Silver Sub-alliances—Charles Macune Mary Lease, “raise less corn and more hell”
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