10_WorldWarII - Terms and Outline Freedom from Fear World War II at Home and Abroad This is a meaty lecture so I have included many details below

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Terms and Outline Freedom from Fear: World War II at Home and Abroad This is a meaty lecture, so I have included many details below to save on class time. Just as with the portions I deliver in class, you are responsible for all the material below. I. Answering the call: America’s “Greatest Generation” in Perspective II. American Isolation and European War in the 1930s: A timeline 1921— Benito Mussolini appointed Prime Minister of Italy, the Il Duce 1933— Nazi Party becomes the official party of Germany; Nazis led by Hitler since 1921 1934— Adolf Hitler becomes Fuhrer of Germany Germany under Nazi leadership left League of Nations and re-armed in defiance of the Treaty of Versailles. Hitler was frank about his intention to exert control over Europe. 1935—Mussolini begins an invasion of Ethiopia 1936— General Francisco Franco becomes dictator of Spain after leading the Spanish Revolution. Italy and Germany form the Axis Powers. 1937— Joseph Stalin begins rebuilding Russia’s “Red Army” War declared in Asia when Japan and China battle at Marco Polo Bridge ( Peking ). Japan joins the Axis. 1938—(March)—Germany invades and annexes Austria; announces the Anschluss, an imposed political union between Austria and North Germany. (November)— Kristallnacht (“Night of the Broken Glass”) in which an organized gang of Nazis attacked Jews with violence, looting, rape, and fires. In general, Germans were as horrified as non-Germans when they learned about the terror. 1939—(March)—Germany invades Sudetenland, an area with an excellent army vital to the defense of Czechoslovakia, then invaded Cz. itself. Hitler promises world community and League that this was his last act of acquisition, then invades further into Czechoslovakia. (September)—Hitler invades Poland. The League considers this an invasion of Europe. The British and French essentially had abandoned Czechoslovakia after promising to defend it against Hitler, but were willing to rely on Hitler’s promise to cease aggression as part of a policy of appeasement, in the hope of avoiding a larger war. Once Germany broke that promise, Britain and France stood by Poland and declared war on Germany on September 3. 1940—(April)—Nazi troops invade Denmark; it falls in one day and then Norway in a
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This note was uploaded on 11/27/2011 for the course AMH 2020 taught by Professor minor during the Fall '11 term at Santa Fe College.

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10_WorldWarII - Terms and Outline Freedom from Fear World War II at Home and Abroad This is a meaty lecture so I have included many details below

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