11_ColdWarAmerica

11_ColdWarAmerica - Terms and Outline The problem that has...

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Terms and Outline The “problem that has no name”: Tranquility and Disquiet in Cold War America I. Issues facing the war and post-war homefront II. Conversion to war-time economy A. Creating a war machine War Production Board Industry “czars” Victory gardens “Use it up, wear it out, make do, or do without” B. Financing the war War cost US government 10x more than WWI and 100x more than Civil War War bonds, Victory Drives=$150 billion Depression over C. Inflation danger Office of Price Administration Inflation controlled (31% versus 62% of WWI) D. New Deal no more III. Americans and War A. Women Rosie the Riveter 200,000 in Women’s Air Corps (WAC) 1944: 40% of all workers in aircraft plants are women “Do your part, free a man for service” B. African-Americans 1. military service 1 million served, every branch of service and every theatre 1940—end segregation in officer training except for Air Corps cadets Tuskegee Airmen 2. war industry labor Fair Employment Practices Commission 1944: 2 million workers in war plants are black 3. social and political fight Double V Eleanor Roosevelt: “A wind is rising throughout the world of free men everywhere, and they will not be kept in bondage.” D.C. NAACP student chapter: “Are you for Hitler’s Way or the American
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11_ColdWarAmerica - Terms and Outline The problem that has...

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