The Cuban Missile Crisis

The Cuban Missile Crisis - alliance with Western Europe...

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The Cuban Missile Crisis: In 1962, the Soviets moved medium and intermediate range ballistic missiles into Cuba, provoking a crisis with the United States. At the time, the Soviets had less military capability that the Americans, and placing missiles in Cuba would give them a greater advantage. Realists and liberals view the resolution of the crisis very differently. Realists – the United States had to respond in order to maintain the credibility of its nuclear threat – the Soviets had recently threatened to take over the whole of Berlin and had built the Berlin wall in 1961 – the US had to prove its credibility in order to prevent the Soviets from undermining its
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Unformatted text preview: alliance with Western Europe. Similarly, the Soviets had to maintain the Warsaw Pact, and so they had to present a credible threat. Kennedy started a naval quarantine of Cuba – a quarantine is a less hostile act under international law – showing the incremental move up the ladder of escalation. Also prepared an invasion of Cuba. The Soviets eventually backed down – for the realists, this proves that the credible threat of military force ended the crisis – the Soviets were presented with the choice of an unacceptable escalation, and backed down....
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