USA vrs. USSR

USA vrs. USSR - Also within NATO there was buckpassing on...

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This was in contrast to the rollback policy – this was promoted by many in the government who wanted a more aggressive stance vs the USSR – the US should assist E. European states in liberating themselves from the USSR. Rejected the post WWII status quo and sought to take the fight directly to the Soviets. For example, in 1956, Hungary revolted – many in the US believed the US should aid the rebels and throw the Soviets out – the containment view, however, prevailed, and the US stood by (even though the US had hinted it would aid the rebels through Radio Free Europe broadcasts). NATO formed in 1949. Soviets form the Warsaw Pact. NATO was a defensive alliance against the Soviet Union intended to guarantee security for Europe. The United States bore the highest cost in the alliance. In essence, W European states engaged in bandwagoning behavior – rather than seeking their own security, they ally with the more powerful state, hoping to benefit from the actions of the more powerful state.
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Unformatted text preview: Also, within NATO, there was buckpassing on the part of the W European states – in this situation, states will stand by and let other states fight on their behalf. This was a strategy that Charles DeGaulle in France rejected – these strategies are risky, as it puts the state engaging in them in a weaker position – DeGaulle wanted a more independent Eur foreign policy and wanted W Eur to combine forces to insure its own defense. US-USSR relations during the Cold War defined by nuclear weapons. Both sides had them and both had to make a credible threat to use them. This led to a situation of deterrence. Several factors prevented outbreak of war: Mutual deterrence:the nuclear threat contributed to international stability and the prevention of superpower conflict. While both sides had to appear credible, neither side would really use them first. Conflict limited to proxy wars in the Third World and occasional crises....
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