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Human development - pharmaceutical companies – this has...

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Human development: In addition to political instability and poor economic policies, African states face serious problems with regard to human development – the lack of adequate health and educational institutions is a serious obstacle to economic development. One of the most serious issues with regard to health in Africa is the AIDS epidemic. One in 14 adults in Africa is affected by AIDS and life expectancy in Sub-Saharan countries has dropped to below 40 as a result of the epidemic. AIDS places a severe strain on government resources, in terms of health expenditures. It also affects the economy, in the sense that those who become ill can no longer work. Children are orphaned when their parents die, so the burden on the government increases. Several obstacles exist to meeting the challenge – one is education and spreading knowledge about the disease and how to prevent it. Another serious challenge is the patent rights exerted by
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Unformatted text preview: pharmaceutical companies – this has been a significant issue with regard to relationships between the developed and the developing world. Some progress in this regard, in that pharm companies are offering to sell drugs at lower prices – however, it is on the drug company’s terms. IN addition to AIDS, other health problems affect the African states. Lack of drinking water and sanitation make easily treatable diseases like malaria deadly. Education, particularly for women, is lacking as well. One solution that has been proposed for Africa is the Declaration of the Millenium Development Goals – by 2015, the international community pledged to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger, achieve universal primary education, promote gender equality, reduce infant mortality, improve maternal health, combat HIV/AIDS and other diseases, etc....
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