Realists argue that the failure of the Middle East and Africa is the result of competition for resou

Realists argue that the failure of the Middle East and Africa is the result of competition for resou

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Realists argue that the failure of the Middle East and Africa is the result of competition for resources at all levels of analysis. Geopolitical issues, therefore, are the defining factor in the failure of these regions to develop. Internationally, these regions, particularly the Middle East with its oil resources, were the site of competition between the two superpowers during the Cold War. Both the US and the USSR showered various types of aid, particularly military aid, on governments in these regions. Domestically, this assistance did little to foster development, as most of it went to dictators, who pocketed the money rather than using it for the benefit of the people. Furthermore, the competition for resources occurs between elites and groups within the states as well – leads conflict and fighting for control of the resources – this is particularly true with diamonds in West Africa, but is also prevalent in resource rich areas of the Dem Rep of Congo. Liberals focus on the domestic level of analysis and emphasize the need for stronger
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This note was uploaded on 11/27/2011 for the course POLISCI 1003 taught by Professor Olson during the Fall '11 term at GWU.

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