INDEintro - Introduction 1 November 1995 NATIONAL POLLUTION...

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Unformatted text preview: Introduction 1 November 1995 NATIONAL POLLUTION PREVENTION CENTER FOR HIGHER EDUCATION Pollution Prevention and Industrial Ecology Industrial Ecology: An Introduction By Andy Garner, NPPC Research Assistant; and Gregory A. Keoleian, Ph.D., Assistant Research Scientist, University of Michigan School of Natural Resources and Environment, and NPPC Research Manager National Pollution Prevention Center for Higher Education University of Michigan May be reproduced Dana Building, 430 East University, Ann Arbor MI 48109-1115 freely for non-commercial 734.764.1412 fax 734.647.5841 nppc@umich.edu www.umich.edu/~nppcpub educational purposes. Background ................................................................. 2 Industrial Ecology: Toward a Definition................... 3 Historical Development......................................... 3 Defining Industrial Ecology ................................... 4 Teaching Industrial Ecology .................................. 4 Industrial Ecology as a Field of Ecology.............. 5 Goals of Industrial Ecology........................................ 5 Sustainable Use of Resources ............................. 6 Ecological and Human Health .............................. 6 Environmental Equity............................................ 6 Key Concepts of Industrial Ecology ......................... 6 Systems Analysis .................................................. 6 Material & Energy Flows & Transformations ........ 6 Multidisciplinary Approach .................................. 10 Analogies to Natural Systems ............................ 10 Open- vs. Closed-Loop Systems ........................ 11 Strategies for Environmental Impact Reduction: Industrial Ecology as a Potential Umbrella for Sustainable Development Strategies................. 12 System Tools to Support Industrial Ecology.......... 12 Life Cycle Assessment ....................................... 12 Components ........................................................ 13 Methodology ........................................................ 13 Applications ......................................................... 20 Difficulties ............................................................ 20 Life Cycle Design & Design for Environment ....... 21 Needs Analysis ....................................................21 Design Requirements ......................................... 21 Design Strategies ............................................... 24 Design Evaluation ............................................... 25 Future Needs ............................................................. 26 Further Information .................................................. 26 Endnotes .................................................................... 27 Appendix A: Industrial Symbiosis at Kalundborg.. 28 Appendix B: Selected Definitions ........................... 31 List of Tables Table 1: Organizational Hierarchies ................................. 2Table 1: Organizational Hierarchies ....
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INDEintro - Introduction 1 November 1995 NATIONAL POLLUTION...

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