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TM-Mushroom-1 - 1 UNITED NATIONS NATIONS UNIES ECONOMIC AND...

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1 UNITED NATIONS - NATIONS UNIES ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMISSION FOR ASIA AND THE PACIFIC ASIAN AND PACIFIC CENTRE FOR AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING AND MACHINERY (APCAEM) A-7/F, C HINA I NTERNATIONAL S CIENCE AND T ECHNOLOGY C ONVENTION C ENTRE N O . 12, Y UMIN R OAD , C HAOYANG D ISTRICT , B EIJING 100029, P.R. C HINA Training Manual on Mushroom Cultivation Technology Tel: (86 10) 8225 3581/3580/3578/3793 Fax: (86 10) 8225 3584 Email: [email protected] Website: www.unapcaem.org
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2 Acknowledgments This report has been prepared by Professor Shu-Ting Chang, Emeritus Professor of Biology of The Chinese University of Hong Kong under contract with UNAPCAEM. Valuable comments have been offered by a number of persons from Professor G.Gantulga from Mongolia, Dr. S.K.Adhikary from Nepal, Dr. Kwang-Jae CHOE from ROK, and Professor Ping Chang of UNAPCAEM. These comments have been incorporated where applicable. Disclaimer The designation used and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the express of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations Economic and Social commission for Asian and the Pacific (UNESCAP) concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The views expressed in this publication are those of authors and do not necessarily reflect the view of UNESCAP. Mention of firm names and commercial products does not imply the endorsement of the UNESCAP.
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3 Table of Content ABSTRACT 1 INTRODUCTION 2. OVERVIEW OF THE MUSHROOM INDUSTRY (CONTENTS FOR A ONE-WEEK MUSHROOM TRAINING WORKSHOP) 2.1 Mushrooms and Mushroom Biology 2.1.1 Definition of a Mushroom 2.1.2 Mushroom Hunting 2.1.3 Ecological Classification of Mushrooms 2.1.4 Magnitude of Mushroom Species 2.1.5 Concept of Mushroom Biology 2.2 Applied Mushroom Biology 2.2.1 Mushroom Science---Food Supply through Mushroom Themselves 2.2.2 Mushroom Biotechnology ---Enhance Human Health through Mushroom Derivatives 2.2.3 Mushroom Bioremediation----Benefit the Environment through Mushroom Mycelia 2.3 Mushroom Genetics and Breeding 2.3.1 Discovery of Sexuality by Kniep and Bensaude 2.3.2 Sexuality in the Edible Mushrooms 2.3.3 Mating Systems (Patterns of Sexuality) in Fungi 2.3.4 Life Cycle 2.3.5 Strain Improvement (Breeding Program) 2.4 Principle of Mushroom Cultivation and Production 2.4.1 Mushroom Cultivation: Both a Science and an Art 2.4.2 World Mushroom Production 2.4.3 Differences in Mushroom Production Patterns 2.4.4 World Mushroom Market 2.4.5 Development of World Mushroom Movements (Organizations) 2.5 Mushroom Nutritional and Medicinal Properties 2.5.1 Nutritional Value of Mushrooms 2.5.2 Medicinal Properties of Mushrooms 2.5.3 Mushroom Nutriceuticals 3 MUSHROOM CULTIVATION TECHNOLOGY (CONTENTS FOR A MUSHROOM TRAINING COURSE) 3.1 Major Phases of Mushroom Cultivation 3.1.1 Selection of An Acceptable Mushroom Species/Strains 3.1.2 Secreting a Good Quality of Fruiting Culture
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4 3.1.3 Development of Robust Spawn 3.1.4 Preparation of Selective Substrate/Compost 3.1.5 Care of Mycelial (Spawn) Running 3.1.6 Management of Fruiting/Mushroom Development 3.1.7 Harvesting Mushrooms Carefully 3.2
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