unpan023311 - REPUBLIC OF INDIA Public Administration...

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All papers, statistics and materials contained in the Country Profiles express entirely the opinion of the mentioned authors. They should not, unless otherwise mentioned, be attributed to the Secretariat of the United Nations. The designations employed and the presentation of material on maps in the Country Profiles do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. REPUBLIC OF I I N N D D I I A A Public Administration Country Profile Division for Public Administration and Development Management (DPADM) Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) United Nations January 2006
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1 Table of Contents Table of Contents ........................................................................................... 1 Country ........................................................................................................ 2 1. General Information ................................................................................... 4 1.1 People .................................................................................................. 4 1.2 Economy .............................................................................................. 4 1.3 Public Spending ..................................................................................... 5 1.4 Public Sector Employment and Wages ....................................................... 5 2. Legal Structure .......................................................................................... 6 2.1 Legislative Branch .................................................................................. 6 2.2 Executive Branch ................................................................................... 7 2.3 Judiciary Branch .................................................................................... 7 2.4 Local Government .................................................................................. 8 3. The State and Civil Society ......................................................................... 10 3.1 Ombudsperson ..................................................................................... 10 3.2 Civil Society ......................................................................................... 10 4. Civil Service ............................................................................................. 11 4.1 Legal basis ........................................................................................... 11 4.2 Recruitment ......................................................................................... 11 4.3 Promotion ............................................................................................ 12 4.4 Remuneration ...................................................................................... 12 4.5 Training ............................................................................................... 12 4.6 Gender ................................................................................................ 13 5. Ethics and Civil Service .............................................................................. 14 5.1 Corruption ........................................................................................... 14 5.2 Ethics .................................................................................................. 15 6. e-Government .......................................................................................... 16 6.1 e-Government Readiness ....................................................................... 16 6.2 e-Participation ...................................................................................... 17 7. Links ....................................................................................................... 18 7.1 National sites ....................................................................................... 18 7.2 Miscellaneous sites ................................................................................ 18
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2 Country Click here for detailed map Source: The World Factbook – India Government type Federal Republic Independence 15 August 1947 (from UK) Constitution 26 January 1950; amended many times Legal system based on English common law; limited judicial review of legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations; separate personal law codes apply to Muslims, Christians, and Hindus Administrative divisions 28 states and 7 union territories Source: The World Factbook – India With a population of more than 1,027 million as accounted by the March 1, 2001 population census, India has ethnic diverse cultures and religions. In fact, this uniqueness in the ethnicity of the country is the factor that makes it different from other nations. Moreover, the vastness of India's nationalism, accounting to a plethora of cultural extravaganza, religions, etc. is the reason that the country is seen more as a seat for a major world civilization than a mere nation-state. Regional territories in India play an important role in differentiating these ethnic groups, with their own social and cultural identities. The religions that are prevalent in the country are Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, Sikhism, Buddhism, and Jainism, with the freedom for citizens to practice any religion. With the governance of 35 different states and union territories in the country, there has originated a sense of regionalism amongst the various parts, with different states displaying different cultures, which although eventually fuse through a common bond to showcase a national cultural identity.
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