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Comparison of Ionic and Covalent Compounds

Comparison of Ionic and Covalent Compounds - – Ionic...

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Comparison of Ionic and Covalent Compounds Melting point comparison Ionic compounds are usually solids with high melting points Typically > 400 o C Covalent compounds are gases, liquids, or solids with low melting points Typically < 300 o C Solubility in polar solvents Ionic compounds are generally soluble Covalent compounds are generally insoluble Comparison of Ionic and Covalent Compounds Solubility in polar solvents Ionic compounds are generally soluble Covalent compounds are generally insoluble Solubility in nonpolar solvents
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Unformatted text preview: – Ionic compounds are generally insoluble – Covalent compounds are generally soluble • Comparison of Ionic and Covalent Compounds • Conductivity in molten solids or liquids – Ionic compounds generally conduct electricity • They contain mobile ions – Covalent compounds generally do not conduct electricity • Conductivity in aqueous solutions – Ionic compounds generally conduct electricity • They contain mobile ions – Covalent compounds are poor conductors of electricity...
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