By the late 1860s, James had done some reviewing and had sold one work of fiction to The Atlantic Monthly. He also returned to Europe on his own to see the continent as an adult. He returned again to Cambridge and New York in the hope of continuing his literary career. But he gradually came to the realization that Europe was more suitable for his writings. Thus, in 1876, when he was in his thirty-third year, James made the momentous decision to take up residence in Europe. And with the exception of short trips to various parts of the world, he lived the rest of his life in and near London. Until 1915 , he retained his American citizenship, but when World War I broke out, he became a naturalized citizen of England as a protest over America's failure to enter the war against Germany. James' life and background were ideally suited for the development of his artistic temperament. Even
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