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Anthro Midterm notes

Anthro Midterm notes - Autochthonous 1 Originating where...

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Autochthonous : 1. Originating where found; indigenous: autochthonous rocks; an autochthonous people; autochthonous folktales. See Synonyms at native. 2. Biology Originating or formed in the place where found: an autochthonous blood clot. Synchronic: having reference to the facts of a linguistic system as it exists at one point in time without reference to its history: synchronic analysis; synchronic dialectology. Of or relating to the study of phenomena, such as linguistic features, or of events of a particular time, without reference to their historical context. Diachronic: of or pertaining to the changes in a linguistic system between successive points in time; historical: diachronic analysis. Of or concerned with phenomena, such as linguistic features, as they change through time. Chthonic: Of or relating to the underworld, of or pertaining to the deities, spirits, and other beings dwelling under the earth Metaphor : The use of one image to evoke, elucidate or explain the meaning of another. Metonymy : the use of entities associated with one another to stand for each other, .e.g., a part comes to stand for a whole, or things which have been in contact with each other continue this association with one another. Simile : an explicitely indicated metaphor, which uses a word like “like” or “as” to indicate a relation or comparison between the components. Synecdoche : the combination of metaphor and metonymy in a complex relationship of part to whole. Irony : a juxtaposing of a description or reference with a more complete knowledge not stated. Hyperbole : a deliberate, gross, exaggeration, much used in satire. Allegory : A poetic device sort of like an extended metaphor, but where the complex representations is made through a whole story or tableau, and the set of relations which draws the parallel is only implied. In metaphor the two parts of the relations are both stated. Substitution : (Metonymy) where the whole is represented by a part. Visual Images : images may represent a verbal message. These are like visual puns. Allusion : where you represent a complete thought by one symbol. Condensation : Several thoughts are all represented by one symbol. These associations and shared symbols do not actually mean the masked meaning is similar. Condensation is not logical, but makes the affect load of a symbol more intense. multi-vocalic: many voices poly-semic: many referents orectic = sensory ideologic = social
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Turner : “A symbol is a thing regarded by general consent as typifying or recalling something by possession of analogous qualities or by association in fact or thought.” Analogous qualities = metaphor Association in fact or thought = metonym Symbolic Properties : 1) Condensation 2) Unification of Disparate Meanings 3) Polarization of Meanings Ortner : The meaning of a symbol may change according to the context in which it is found or expressed.
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