After working as a welder, dishwasher, and deckhand, Ginsberg served the New York World Telegram as a copy boy and Newsweek as a reviewer. During his tenure in San Francisco, he discovered congenial artists in North Beach, which thrived at the end of the McCarthy era in outrageous, anticonservative artistic bliss. Acknowledged with a letter of introduction from William Carlos Williams, he launched the Beat movement in 1955 at his "Happy Apocalypse," a public reading of "Howl," an apocalyptic diatribe against modern corruption. City Lights Bookshop published Ginsberg's Howl and Other Poems (1956), which effectively channeled his rage into self-conscious experimental verse. The volume's controversial content preceded his arrest on an obscenity charge against publisher Lawrence Ferlinghetti, who, in 1957, weathered a highly publicized trial and acquittal. Ginsberg did not limit himself to the California scene. He taught at the University of British Columbia,
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William Burroughs, mother. Ginsberg, York World Telegram