Dewey web-3 - Dramatic Changes in the Political Economy...

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Dramatic Changes in the Political Economy 20 th Century SOCIAL CONDITIONS 1900 (Tozer, Chapter 5) Pressures of 1893 Depression, the rise of modern industrial society, urbanization and immigration. Social problems: Immigration Industrialization Low Wages Labor Unrest (Strikes, Riots) Poverty in Cities Child Labor Discrimination
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Critique of Traditional Common School in 1900 NOT MEETING THE NEEDS OF SOCIETY What did critics say about traditional schooling? (Tozer, Chapter 5, 151) 1 . Failure of the traditional classical curriculum in old high school model (math, English, Greek, Latin, history) to motivate students. 2. High dropout rates in both elementary and secondary schools. 3. Growing problems of juvenile delinquency. 4. Waste and inefficiency in school management by local schools. 5. Irrelevance of the traditional curriculum to the “real” needs of modern industrial society.
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Aims of a perfect society for Social Efficiency and Developmental Democracy Progressive were very different. But Progressives did agree on need to reform traditional common schools: Schools need to change curriculum based on “needs and interests” of students They were responding to new social, economic and political conditions, changing ideology (NEW PSYCHOLOGY), and the “failure” of traditional schools. Learn through activities Reflect current social conditions Help solve social problems. (Tozer, p. 151)
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Philosopher John Dewey One of the main leaders Disagreed with Social Efficiency about: Developmental Democracy Progressives disagreed with social efficiency progressives’ views about school reform. Dewey did not support: Differentiated curriculum (Dewey supported a unified curriculum) Vocational training in schools (Dewey supported manual training, occupations of life, but not training for specific jobs) Limited view of human capacity (Dewey believed in the tremendous potential of human rationality if proper education provided)
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Today, we want to answer three questions about Dewey’s theory of learning. 1. What is Dewey’s theory of learning? 2. How much influence did Dewey have on public education from 1900 to 1950? 3. Most importantly, are there elements of Dewey’s theory of learning that can be relevant to the aims of schooling today? Grounded in a developmental democracy model.
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Is Dewey relevant today? Two theories that he combines… PSYCHOLOGY Dewey’s theory of learning is similar to learning theories studied today. Active learning Learning to learn Inquiry based learning SOCIAL THEORY Dewey’s view that democracy should be infused in all aspects of life aligns with today’s concerns about teaching to improve our democratic society.
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DEWEY’S DEVELOPMENTAL DEMOCRACY Aim to improve democracy Tozer, 151-153 DEVELOPMENTAL DEMOCRACY Democracy in all aspects of life, not just in politics, but in every part of life. “For education to be most successful, it is necessary that people participate
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This note was uploaded on 11/27/2011 for the course EPS 202 taught by Professor Connell during the Spring '08 term at University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign.

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Dewey web-3 - Dramatic Changes in the Political Economy...

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