Jefferson web - Jefferson:LibertyandLiteracy BASICEDUCATION...

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“If a nation expects to be ignorant and free, it expects what never was and never will be .” Thomas Jefferson “the most important bill in our whole code is that for the diffusion of knowledge among the people.” (1786) Tozer, 32 For a deist like Jefferson, ignorance was sin. Jefferson: Liberty and  Literacy    BASIC EDUCATION Crusade Against Ignorance
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Classical Liberals REACT AGAINST Feudalism Things that the colonies didn’t like…. Wanted to avoid in the future…. A CLOSED SOCIETY Hierarchy King, Nobility, Clergy, Knights,  Peasants Aristocracy at the top, and no middle class. Classical & Modern Liberals believe in the idea of an OPEN SOCIETY with social mobility with some limits (women, slaves).
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Feudalism Classical Liberalism State control economy Merchant Capitalism State religion Separation of church/state Divine Right of Kings Republicanism (Citizens)
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Enlightenment Period CHANGING VIEW OF MAN SEEDS OF CHANGE for Liberalism For Example: Galileo Galilei 1564-1642 (Tozer, 29-34) REASON Belief in man’s ability to reason, to explain the world through scientific exploration. Galileo claimed the sun is the center of the solar system (geocentric vs. heliocentric universe). What was the reaction of the Church to this claim? In 1632, he was tried by the Inquisition, forced to recant, and spent the rest of his life under house arrest.
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GOVERNMENT OF LIBERAL STATE British political philosopher JOHN LOCKE Tozer, Chapter 2, 29-34 DEMOCRACY John Locke (1632-1704) “Two Treatises on Government” Outlines a liberal state (1690) Representative Government Inalienable Rights “no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty or possession” “No man's knowledge can go beyond his experience .” Reasonable people would follow the laws of civil society, not everyone is as reasonable as needed, so the state is allowed some control over citizens. Not simply  Jefferson’s ideas But of a long list of  Classical Liberal Philosophers 
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JEFFERSON’S DEMOCRACY CLASSICAL LIBERALISM CONCERNS…. Balance between INDIVIDUAL FREEDOMS and the stability of a STATE which protects freedoms. COMMUNITY, STATE, FEDERAL Levels In a Liberal Democratic State, Government….a delicate balance Could infringe upon civil liberties by government only for important reasons. But government had to be controlled because of the fear of too much governmental inference (laissez faire) Free from control by the church. Free of corruption from elected officials. What was needed? The right education. A system to educate citizens to control appetites and exercise tempered reason to participate in self-governance.
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HUMAN POTENTIAL Locke’s most famous concept about human nature and learning Mind is a BLANK SLATE (destiny in your own hands, not pre-destiny determined by God) (Tozer, 31) Man is not born ready  for self-governance,  but man 
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Jefferson web - Jefferson:LibertyandLiteracy BASICEDUCATION...

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