Progressive Intro web-1 - Schools are influenced by...

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Schools are influenced by political economy and ideology of the time period. School reform is influenced by a few powerful forces or by “crisis” of need. EPS 210/202 Timeline--Development of Public Schooling Unit 1 1776-1830 Post-Revolution Jefferson No system of public schools Identified need to educate for a stable republic 1830-1890 Common School Model Horace Mann Common curriculum, six to eight years of basic education, character training was crucial, seeking social stability. 1890s a small # of high schools had an academic classical curriculum 1890-1950 Progressive Era-- 2 perspectives > students, K-12, > diversity 1.Social Efficiency (Elliot and Cubberly) Dominant view, what is its legacy? SORTING MACHINE MODEL 2.Developmental Democracy (Dewey) Experimental schools Dewey’s Planned School Reform
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Horace Mann (1837-1848) SOCIAL REFORMER By the 1830s, the time was ripe for public support of elementary education in Massachusetts Can schools help with these kinds of social problems? How? Crime Corruption Drunkenness Delinquency Political violence Class violence Purpose of School: To improve society How? MORAL TRAINING and DISCIPLINE
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HORACE MANN’S COMMON SCHOOL HORACE MANN’S COMMON SCHOOL 4 MEANINGS OF COMMON 4 MEANINGS OF COMMON “EDUCATE ALL IN COMMON” “EDUCATE ALL IN COMMON” 1. PUBLIC Free, tax-supported education 2. COMMON CURRICULUM Standardization of subject matter and teaching methods. Teach a curriculum not so different from schools in the 1820s and 1830s Basic Skills - Reading, ‘Riting, ‘Rithmetic (3 Rs), spelling, history, geography, music. 4 th and 5 TH R?? Religion and Republicanism 3. OPEN TO ALL Common experience for diverse students (exception: segregated schools for free blacks in Boston) 4. COMMON IDEOLOGY Teach ideology of the Republic
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COMMON SCHOOLS HORACE MANN COMMON SCHOOLS HORACE MANN –TO SOLVE SOCIAL PROBLEMS –TO SOLVE SOCIAL PROBLEMS WHAT WAS TAUGHT AND HOW? WHAT WAS TAUGHT AND HOW? Basic Skills -Reading, writing, numbers, spelling, history, geography, music. Moral training- -linked to religion but tried to “secularize” moral training, but local control allowed for sectarianism to operate. Elementary Level Six years for all students, a longer school year. State made attendance compulsory
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MANN-- COMMON SCHOOL GOAL: TO PROMOTE SOCIAL STABILITY PROTESTANTISM PROTESTANTISM MORAL LESSONS Mann devised a set of virtues called the “COMMON ELEMENTS”
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Opposition to Prayers, Bible, how the common elements were taught. Not just on secular grounds, some conservatives wanted more religion . Supported by moderate Protestants OPPOSITION Alienates almost everyone else: Conservative Protestants Nonbelievers, Jews, and Irish Catholics who leave the public school and establish parochial schools (on the Irish, see Urban,Wagoner, 115)
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Horace Mann Teaching moral values Teaching moral values Moral lessons taught
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This note was uploaded on 11/27/2011 for the course EPS 202 taught by Professor Connell during the Spring '08 term at University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign.

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Progressive Intro web-1 - Schools are influenced by...

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