19_Self.Social_understanding.cognition

19_Self.Social_understanding.cognition - Social...

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Social understanding & cognition Agenda Sense of Self (-concept, ID) Infancy-adolescence T.O.M. Identity development Supporting ID Development
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A basic understanding… Social cognition Sense of self (i.e., identity/self-concept) Children's beliefs about self and others Shifts from concrete to abstract (Preoperational to Formal ) Becomes better organized with age More stable with time… Why? Revised ideas about causes of behavior Simple/one-sided explanations complex relationships and thought of the future Self-Concept AND THEN Self-Esteem
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Infancy (birth to age 2) Sense their body is a distinct entity Recognize their actions cause objects/people to react Ex: Hit a toy and sees it move Toddlers (2 yrs.) become aware of the self’s physical features Rouge on nose/mirror 9 to 24 month olds 12 months: ‘sociable playmate’, then emotional reactions 16-18 months: 50% infants recognize rouge is on self Rose on nose How does the emergence of a ‘sense of self’ unlock vast potential of/accelerate a child's development?
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By age 2, self-recognition is well-established Connections with social/emotional/language development Possession awareness Increasing ability to empathize, cooperate Language reflects self-recognition (I, Me, Mine) Classifies self by physical characteristics and simple trait As early as age 2, conversations with adults leads to Autobiographical self Reputation, self-concept…
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19_Self.Social_understanding.cognition - Social...

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