Week_5 - Intelligence EPSY201 Week5 ShuaiWang...

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Intelligence EPSY 201 Week 5 Shuai Wang
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What is Intelligence? No single well-accepted definition. Common components include • Ability to adapt • Ability to learn • It is dependent on prior learning • Ability to access and use prior knowledge • An aggregate of several mental processes or abilities • It occurs across differing situations • It is culturally specific
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Precise measurement of behaviors that may reflect intelligent thinking. Led to development of first traditional intelligence  test (Alfred Binet, 1904) • They were asked to design a test to identify students in  the Paris school system who were not learning well • Their goal was to separate the slow learners • They developed an age-based test that estimated the  student's "mental age" Psychometric Approach
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The story of IQ Alfred Binet (the hero) Intelligence is judgment, otherwise called good sense,  practical sense, initiative, the faculty of adapting one’s  self to circumstances.  Created a way to test children to make sure they were  performing at their age. Purpose: to help those who were falling behind View of intelligence: modest, realistic, feared that  IQ would become a label instead of a tool.
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The story continues… The Binet test: Short tasks related to everyday problems
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