Week_9_ - Learning Ed Psych 201 Week 9 Shuai Wang...

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Learning Ed Psych 201 Week 9 Shuai Wang
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Housekeeping Mid-term feed back (I expect more next time) Rough draft of paper due today!
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Contents Behaviorism 1. Classical Conditioning 2. Operant Conditioning 3. Social Learning Objective——Application: Behaviorism in the classroom: Dealing with unruly students
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Behaviorism What is behaviorism? A branch of psychology that assumes all behaviors can be explained as a combination of environmental factors (i.e. rewards, punishments, etc.) Stems from John Locke’s "tabula rasa” theory that stated that the mind is a blank slate at birth, able to be molded at will An explanation of learning that focus on external events as the cause of changes in observable behaviors. What are the differences between Behavioral and Cognitive learning theories?
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differences between Behavioral and Cognitive learning theories Cognitive learning theories: Internal events Unobservable mental activities Knowledge is learned, and changes in knowledge make changes in behavior possible Behavioral learning theories: External events observable behaviors The new behaviors themselves are learned
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Classical Conditioning (Pavlov and Watson) Pavlov’s dogs: While researching the physiology of digestion in dogs, Pavlov noticed that, the dogs salivated in the presence of the lab technician who normally fed them. ( Pavlov called these psychic secretions .) From this observation he predicted that, if a particular stimulus were present when the dog was presented with meat powder, then this stimulus would become associated with food and cause salivation on its own. Pavlov used bells to call the dogs to their food and, after a few repetitions, the dogs started to salivate in response to the bell.
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Classical Conditioning Definition: association of automatic responses with new stimuli Stimulus: event that activates behavior Response: observable reaction to a stimulus Unconditioned stimulus (US):
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Week_9_ - Learning Ed Psych 201 Week 9 Shuai Wang...

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